Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) (On Going)

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) (On Going)
Project brief No.2

Updated September 2016
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Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Rural Communities Living in
Voat Ta Meum Commune.

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Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) (On Going)

Voat Ta Muem Commune, Sangkae District, comprises 5 Villages – Kampong Chhlong; Kampong Pil; Ou Sra Loa; Ou Khcheay, and Slor Kram, with total population of 14,808 (7,848 women).

The Learning Institute (LI) conducted Landscape/Catchment-level research (2011-13) on the Sangkae River (Stoung). That study, ‘The Vulnerability of Rural Territory to Hydrological Hazards as They Relate to Agricultural Production’, provided a better understanding of the spatial and temporal aspects of water flows impacting on downstream catchment areas. The study’s associated Diagnostic Mapping Exercise identified those communes most vulnerable to the impacts of changes in the flood/drought cycle, attributed to climate change and other factors, at the intersect of natural and human systems, with Voat Te Meum emerging at the highest level.

Meanwhile, the development of the irrigation sector in Cambodia’s rural areas has been largely single-sector oriented and ad hoc, with irrigation schemes and water resources management largely under the control of the centralized MoWRAM, which solely possesses the operative legitimacy and necessary technical and financial capacity for governance. The result has been a failure to establish an adequate sense of ownership over processes on the part of local committees established (i.e., FWUC/CWMC) for water resources management. In addition, current Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) activities remain uncoordinated across sectors and shared sources of water, thus increasing the occurrence and intensifying the impact of scarcity, conflicts, social disparities, and therefore vulnerability.

This background has and will continue to frame Commune members’ experience and understanding of factors impacting on water availability and access in recent years. The current project adopts a Landscape approach, addressing this comprehensive range of factors and seeking to examine in detail the interplay of relevant natural and human factors – social, economic, political, and institutional – and the Commune’s current practices and responses to drought-related impacts. Selection of restoration and other adaptation activities will be finalized and integrated into the Commune Investment Plan (CIP) following a thorough participatory assessment of the sustainability of the Commune’s current CCA practices and overall adaptive capacity, and identification of factors contributing to its vulnerability.

EXPECTED PROJECT OUTCOMESCCA
interventions for increased water availability and access in the 5 Villages of Voat Ta Muem Commune identified and piloted, as part of the development of a Water Management Plan (WMP) and for later integration into the Commune Investment Plan (CIP); adaptive capacity of stakeholders enhanced through a Participatory Action Research (PAR) process, and the process and knowledge base relating to adaptive practices and capacity analysed and documented.

OUTPUTS/ACTIVITIES
Sustainability Assessment of current CCA practices related to water use and management, contributing to evidence base regarding CCA practices in the context of the effect of drought in the last years in the 5 Villages and proximate region.

  • Conduct of landscape approach research – taking into account both local knowledge and current scientific (hydrological) knowledge – on water use across activity sectors; the effects of drought; current CCA practices; the sustainability of current WRM approaches and outcomes. Includes participatory/multi-stakeholder gap analyses and institutional mapping exercises for identification of key factors affecting resilience and adaptive capacity, and of shortfalls in knowledge, planning and implementation of CCA interventions.

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) (On Going)

Collaborative problem definition and prioritization of activities to strengthen water management system and planning

  • Establishment of Village/Commune-based Working Groups to improve up the coordination of current Water Management Committee(s)
  • Conduct of Training Needs Assessment, development and delivery of bespoke training and mentoring, i.e., practical research skills; problem definition and analysis; conflict resolution and planning.
  • Participatory identification of appropriate interventions, which may include, based on initial community consultation, the construction of dams/ponds; restoration of canals or mechanisms for water supply; diversification of farming practices/conservation agriculture practices, and/or improved technologies for measuring and/or reducing water use.
  • Development of a Water Management Plan (WMP), with special focus on most vulnerable groups/households.

Pilot the implementation of selected activities, including in most vulnerable households under the WMP during the project life

  • Required training or mentoring
  • Participatory progress monitoring and impact assessment at Commune, Village and Household levels.

Adaptation or maintenance practices selected and integrated into Commune Investment Plan (CIP).

  • Coordinate relevant stakeholders to select applicable practices for longer-term integration into the CIP.
  • Establish and train Village Savings Groups in business plan development.

Content curation and generation of original multi-media knowledge products addressing themes related to the adoption of a Climate Resilience framework in Development approaches.

  • Content curation of secondary source news and information on CCA for LI website.
  • Production and sharing across professional and social platforms of project-based multi-media research products, e.g., case studies.
  • Compilation, publication and dissemination of LI’s project-based findings.

RESILIENCE INSTRUMENTS to be DEVELOPED and/or TESTED

  • Application of climate smart agricultural practices to cope with drought and/or conserve available water resources.
  • Rehabilitation of water supply infrastructure to increase water availability.

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) (On Going)

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